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Read Safety in Machine Operator’s Manual

Read the general safety operating precautions in your machine operator’s manual for additional safety information.

Operator Training Required

• Read the operator’s manual and other training material. If the operator or mechanic cannot read English, it is the owner’s responsibility to explain this material to them. This publication is available in other languages.

• Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.

• All operators and mechanics should be trained. The owner of the machine is responsible for training the users.

• Never let children or untrained people operate or service the equipment. Local regulations may restrict the age of the operator.

• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for accidents or injuries occurring to themselves, other people, or property.

• Operate the machine in an open, unobstructed area under the direction of an experienced operator.


• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories and attachments are needed to properly and safely perform the job. Only use accessories and attachments approved by the manufacturer.

• Wear appropriate clothing including hard hat, safety glasses and hearing protection. Long hair, loose clothing or jewelry may get tangled in moving parts.

• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be used and remove all objects such as rocks, toys and wire which can be thrown by the machine.

• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels. They are flammable and vapors are explosive.

a. Use only an approved container.

b. Never remove gas cap or add fuel when engine is running. Do not smoke.

c. Never refuel or drain the machine indoors.

• Check that the operator’s presence controls, safety switches and shields are attached and functioning properly. Do not operate unless they are functioning properly.

Operating Safely

• Never run an engine in an enclosed area where dangerous carbon monoxide fumes can collect.

• Only operate in good light, keeping away from holes and hidden hazards.

• Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake is engaged before starting engine. Only start engine from the operator’s position. Use seat belts if provided.

• Slow down and use extra care on hillsides. Be sure to travel in the recommended direction on hillsides. For this machine, drive up and down hillsides, not across. Turf conditions can affect the machine’s stability. Use caution while operating near drop-offs.

• Slow down and use caution when making turns and when changing directions on slopes.

• Never raise deck with the blades running.

• Never operate with the PTO shield, or other guards, not securely in place. Be sure all interlocks are attached, adjusted properly, and functioning properly.

• Never operate with the discharge deflector raised, removed or altered, unless using a grasscatcher. Do not operate mower without discharge chute or entire grasscatcher in place.

• Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed the engine. Operating the engine at excessive speed can increase the hazard of personal injury.

• Stop on level ground, lower implements, disengage drives, engage parking brake, and shut off engine before leaving the operator’s position for any reason including emptying the grasscatchers or unclogging the chute.

• Stop equipment and inspect blades after striking objects or if an abnormal vibration occurs. Make necessary repairs before resuming operations.

• Keep hands and feet away from the cutting units.

• Look behind and down before backing up to be sure of a clear path.

• Never carry passengers and keep pets and bystanders away.

• Slow down and use caution when making turns and crossing roads and sidewalks. Stop blades if not mowing. Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.

• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone.

• Do not operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

• Use care when loading or unloading the machine into or off of a trailer or truck.

• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.

• Inspect machine before you operate. Be sure hardware is tight. Repair or replace damaged, badly worn, or missing parts. Be sure guards and shields are in good condition and fastened in place. Make any necessary adjustments before you operate.

• Before using, always visually inspect to see that the blades, blade bolts and the mower assembly are not worn and damaged. Replace worn and damaged blades and bolts in sets to preserve balance.

• Keep safety labels visible when installing accessories and attachments.

• Do not wear radio or music headphones. Safe service and operation require your full attention.

• When machine is left unattended, stored, or parked, lower the mower deck unless a positive mechanical lock is used.

Parking Safely

1. Stop machine on a level surface, not on a slope.

2. Disengage PTO and stop attachments.

3. Lower attachments to the ground.

4. Lock park brake.

5. Stop engine.

6. Remove key.

7. Wait for engine and all moving parts to stop before you leave the operator’s station.

8. Close fuel shut off valve before servicing the fuel system, if your machine is equipped.

9. Disconnect the battery ground cable before making repairs to electrical system or doing any welding.

Checking Mowing Area

• Clear mowing area of objects that might be thrown. Keep people and pets out of mowing area.

• Low-hanging branches and similar obstacles can injure the operator or interfere with mowing operation. Before mowing, identify potential obstacles such as low-hanging branches, and trim or remove those obstacles.

• Study mowing area. Set up a safe mowing pattern. Do not mow where traction or stability is doubtful.

• Test drive area with mower lowered but not running. Slow down when you travel over rough ground.

Rotating Blades are Dangerous


• Rotating blades can cut off arms and legs, and throw objects. Failure to observe safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.

• Keep hands, feet and clothing away from mower deck when engine is running.

• Be alert at all times, drive forward carefully. People, especially children can move quickly into the mowing area before you know it.

• Do not mow in reverse.

• Shut off blades when you are not mowing.

• Park machine safely before leaving the operator station for any reason including emptying the catchers or unplugging the chute.

Protect Children

• Death or serious injury can occur when young children associate having fun with a lawn mowing machine simply because someone has given them a ride on a machine.

• Children are attracted to lawn mowing machines and mowing activities. They don’t understand the dangers of rotating blades or the fact that the operator is unaware of their presence.

• Children who have been given rides in the past may suddenly appear in the mowing area for another ride and be run over or backed over by the machine.

• Tragic accidents with children can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children, especially when a child approaches a machine from behind. Before and while backing up, stop mower blades and look down and behind the machine carefully, especially for children.

• Never carry children on a machine or attachment, even with the blades off. Do not tow children in a cart or trailer. They can fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

• Never use the machine as a recreational vehicle or to entertain children.

• Never allow children or an untrained person operate the machine. Instruct all operators not to give children a ride on the machine or in an attachment.

• Keep children indoors, out of the mowing area, and in the watchful eye of a responsible adult, other than the operator, when a mower is being operated.

• Stay alert to the presence of children. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them. Turn the machine off if a child enters the work area.

• Use extreme care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may block your view of a child.

Stay Clear of Rotating Drivelines

Entanglement in rotating driveline can cause serious injury or death.

• Wear close fitting clothing.

• Stop the engine and be sure PTO driveline is stopped before getting near it.

Avoid Tipping

• Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or death. Operation on all slopes requires extra caution.

• Be aware that mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) can improve access to dangerously sloped terrain, thereby increasing the possibility of a tipover.

• Drive up and down a hill - not across.

• Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.

• Do not operate machine on wet grass. Tires may lose traction. Tires may lose traction on slopes even though the brakes are functioning properly.

• Choose a low ground speed so you will not have to stop or shift while on a slope.

• Always keep the machine in gear when going down slopes. Do not shift to neutral and coast downhill.

• Avoid starting, stopping or turning on a slope. If the tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly, straight down the slope.

• Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction, which could cause the machine to roll over.

• Do not operate machine near drop-offs, ditches, embankments, or bodies of water. The machine could suddenly roll over if a wheel goes over the edge or the edge caves in. Leave a safety area between the machine and any hazard.

• Danger of tipping is increased greatly with tires in narrow tread setting and driving at high speed.

• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights for added stability when operating on slopes or using front or rear mounted attachments. Remove weights when not required.

Wear Appropriate Clothing

• Always wear safety goggles, or safety glasses with side shields, and a hard hat when operating the machine.

• Wear close fitting clothing and safety equipment appropriate for the job.

• While mowing, always wear substantial footwear and long trousers. Do not operate the equipment when barefoot or wearing open sandals.

• Wear a suitable protective device such as earplugs. Loud noise can cause impairment or loss of hearing.

Maintenance and Storage

• Never operate machine in a closed area where dangerous carbon monoxide fumes can collect.

• Disengage drives, lower implement, lock parking brake, stop engine and remove key or disconnect spark plug (for gas engines). Wait for all movement to stop before adjusting, cleaning or repairing.

• Clean grass and debris from cutting units, drives, mufflers, and engine to help prevent fires. Clean up oil or fuel spillage.

• Let engine cool before storing and do not store near flame.

• Shut off fuel while storing or transporting. Do not store fuel near flames or drain indoors.

• Park machine on level ground. Never allow untrained personnel to service machine. Understand service procedure before doing work.

• Use jack stands or lock service latches to support components when required. Securely support any machine elements that must be raised for service work.

• Before servicing machine or attachment, carefully release pressure from any components with stored energy, such as hydraulic components or springs.

• Release hydraulic pressure by lowering attachment or cutting units to the ground or to a mechanical stop and move hydraulic control levers back and forth.

• Disconnect battery or remove spark plug (for gas engines) before making any repairs. Disconnect the negative terminal first and the positive last. Reconnect positive first and negative last.

• Use care when checking blades. Wrap the blades or wear gloves, and use caution when servicing them. Only replace blades. Never straighten or weld them.

• Keep hands, feet, clothing, jewelry and long hair away from moving parts. If possible, do not make adjustments with the engine running.

• Charge batteries in an open well ventilated area, away from spark and flames. Unplug charger before connecting or disconnecting from battery. Wear protective clothing and use insulated tools.

• Keep all parts in good working condition and all hardware tightened. Replace all worn or damaged decals.

• Check grasscatcher components and the discharge guard frequently and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary. Grasscatcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown.

• Keep all nuts and bolts tight, especially blade attachment bolts, to be sure the equipment is in safe working condition.

• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.

• On multi-bladed machines, take care as rotating one blade can cause other blades to rotate.