5103, 5203, 5303 and 5403 Tractors

All information, illustrations and specifications in this manual are based on the latest information available at the time of publication. The right is reserved to make changes at any time without notice.

Foreword

Section : 05 - Safety

Recognize Safety Information
Understand Signal Words
Follow Safety Instructions
Prevent Machine Runaway
Use Seat Belt and Foldable ROPS Properly
Operate Tractor Safely
Use Caution on Hillsides
Follow Safety Instructions
Shift to Low Gear on Hills
Avoid Tipping
Freeing a Mired Machine
Work In Ventilated Area
Park Tractor Safely
Keep Riders Off Machine
Handle Fuel Safely-Avoid Fires
Prepare for Emergencies
Do Not Use Starting Fluid
Wear Protective Clothing
Protect Against Noise
Handle Agricultural Chemicals Safely
Service and Operate Chemical Sprayers Safely
Stay Clear of Rotating Drivelines
Use Safety Lights and Devices
Use a Safety Chain
Safely Transporting the Tractor
Tow Loads Safely
Keep ROPS Installed Properly
Practice Safe Maintenance
Service Tractor Safely
Support Machine Properly
Remove Paint Before Welding or Heating
Avoid Heating Near Pressurized Fluid Lines
Avoid High-Pressure Fluids
Service Cooling System Safely
Store Attachments Safely
Prevent Acid Burns
Service Tires Safely
Dispose of Waste Properly

Section : 10 - Safety Signs

Warning Labels

Section : 15 - Controls and Instruments

Tractor Controls
Instrument Panel

Section : 20 - Lights

Light Switch Positions
Use Headlights
High Beam Indicator
Using Tail Lights
Using Turn Signals
Using Hazard Lights
Seven-Terminal Outlet

Section : 25 - Operator's Platform

Operating Foldable ROPS
Using Seat Belt
Selecting Seat Position
Adjusting Ride Comfort

Section : 30 - Break-In Period

Observe Engine Operation Closely
Break-In Service

Section : 35 - Prestarting Checks

Daily Service Before Starting Engine

Section : 40 - Operating the Engine

Before Starting the Engine
Starting the Engine
Checking Engine Indicators and Gauges
Changing Engine Speeds
Recommended Engine Speeds and Operating Procedures
Working With Speed/Hour Meter
Engines with Turbocharger
Stopping the Engine
Cold Weather Starting Procedure Using Intake Air Heater System - If Equipped
Using Booster Battery

Section : 50 - Driving the Tractor

Operator Training Required
Reduce Fuel Consumption
Driving on Public Roads
Operating Transmission
Shifting Collar Shift Transmission (If Equipped)
Shifting Top Shaft Synchronizer (TSS) Transmission (If equipped)
Selecting a Gear
Using Brakes
Using Differential Lock
Operating Mechanical Front Wheel Drive
Stopping Tractor

Section : 55 - Rockshaft and 3-Point Hitch

Match Tractor Power to Implement
3-Point Hitch Components
Rockshaft Control Levers
Setting Position Control Lever Stop
Using Rockshaft Position Control
Using Draft Control
Adjusting Rockshaft Rate-of-Drop/ Implement Lock
Preparing Implement
Converting Category II Hitch to Category I - If Equipped
Positioning Center Link
Attaching Implements to 3-Point Hitch
Adjusting Hitch Side Sway
Leveling the Hitch
Adjusting Lateral Float
Adjusting Rockshaft Lever Friction Adjustment
Warming Hydraulic System Oil

Section : 60 - Remote Hydraulic Cylinders

Use Correct Hose Tips
Control Lever and Coupler Identification
Mid-Mount Valve Coupler Identification
Rear SCV Dust Plug Identification
Connecting Cylinder Hoses
Connecting Cylinder Hoses-Mid-Mount Valve
Connecting Single-Acting Cylinder
Correcting Reversed Cylinder Response
Neutral Lever Position
Extending/Retracting Cylinder-SCV I
Extending/Retracting Cylinder-SCV II
Using Power Beyond Attachment
Joystick Function
Adjusting Cylinder Stop
Disconnecting Cylinder Hoses

Section : 65 - Drawbar and PTO

Observe Drawbar / Wagon Hitch Load Limitations
Using Swinging Drawbar
Adjustable Drawbar
Proper Use of Drawbar
Stay Clear of Rotating Drivelines
Attaching PTO-Driven Implement
Operating Tractor PTO
Adjusting PTO Clutch Operating Rod

Section : 70 - Ballast

Planning for Maximum Productivity
Selecting Ballast Carefully
Matching Ballast to Load Work
Checking for Correct Ballast
Measuring Wheel Slip (Manually)
Ballast Limitations
Ballasting Front End for Transport
Ballasting Two-Wheel Drive Tractors
Ballast MFWD-Equipped Tractors
Determining Maximum Rear Ballast
Determining Maximum Front Ballast
Using Cast Iron Weights
Install Rear Cast Iron Weights
Using Liquid Weight
Draining the Tires
Using Implement Codes

Section : 75 - Wheels, Tires and Treads

Service Tires Safely
Check Implement-to-Tire Clearance
Check Tire Inflation Pressure
Tire Inflation Pressure Chart
Selecting Front Tire Rolling Direction
Tighten Wheel/Axle Hardware Correctly
Tighten Bolts-Adjustable Front Axle
Tighten Bolts-MFWD Axle
Tighten Bolts-Rear Axle
Observe Rear Wheel Tread Width Limitations
Tread Settings-Multi-Position Rear Wheels
Tread Settings-Adjustable Front Axle
Tread Setting-Multi-Position MFWD Wheels
Adjust Front Axle Tread Width
Checking Toe-In (Two-Wheel Drive Tractor)
Adjusting Toe-In (Two-Wheel Drive Tractor)
Checking Toe-In (MFWD Tractor)
Adjusting Toe-In (MFWD Tractor)
Set MFWD Steering Stops Turning Radius
Mounting Tires
Use Correct Tire Combinations
Tire Compatibility Chart

Section : 80 - Transporting

Use Safety Lights and Devices
Use a Safety Chain
Driving Tractor on Roads
Transport on Carrier
Towing Tractor

Section : 85 - Fuels, Lubricants, and Coolant

Handle Fuel Safely-Avoid Fires
Handle Fluids Safely-Avoid Fires
Fuel Storage
Cold Weather Operation
Handling and Storing Diesel Fuel
Diesel Fuel
Minimizing the Effect of Cold Weather on Diesel Engines
Biodiesel Fuel
Fill Fuel Tank
Alternative and Synthetic Lubricants
Lubricant Storage
Diesel Engine Oil
Oil Filters
Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Coolant
Liquid Coolant Conditioner
Anti-Chatter Transmission/Hydraulic Oil
Use Correct Hydraulic-Transmission Filter Element
Gear Oil
Grease

Section : 90 - Lubrication and Maintenance

Avoid Heating Near Pressurized Fluid Lines
Clean Vehicle of Hazardous Pesticides
Observe Service Intervals
Use Correct Lubricant
Break-In Service
Service Intervals

Section : 95 - Service-10 Hours

Check Engine Oil Level
Check Coolant Level
Drain Water and Sediment From Fuel Tank and Fuel Filter
Lubricate as Necessary

Section : 100 - Service-50 Hours

Check Transmission-Hydraulic System Oil Level
Check MFWD Axle Oil Level
Clean and Check Battery
Inspect All Tires
Lubricate Front Axle Pivot Pin(s)
Lubricate Steering Spindles
Inspect Tractor for Loose Hardware

Section : 105 - Service-100 Hours

Change Engine Oil and Filter
Replace Transmission-Hydraulic Filter

Section : 110 - Service-250 Hours

Service Air Cleaner
Inspect and Adjust Alternator/Fan Belt
Lubricate 3-Point Hitch
Check Neutral Start System
Check and Adjust Clutch Pedal Free Play
Adjusting PTO Clutch Operating Rod

Section : 115 - Service-500 Hours

Replace Fuel Filter

Section : 120 - Service-600 Hours

Change Oil in MFWD Axle (If Equipped)
Clean Engine Crankcase Vent Tube
Pack Front Wheel Bearing (2WD)
Check Hoses and Hose Clamps for Tightness
Lubricate Rear Axle Bearings
Check Engine Idle Speeds
Check Front Axle Pivot Pin
Adjust Engine Valve Clearance

Section : 125 - Service-1000 Hours

Change Transmission-Hydraulic Oil and Filter
Clean Transmission-Hydraulic Pickup Screen

Section : 130 - Service-Annually

Change Engine Oil and Filter
Replace Air Cleaner Elements

Section : 135 - Service-2 Years/2000 Hours

Flush Cooling System

Section : 140 - Service-As Required

Service Air Cleaner
Adjust Throttle Friction

Section : 145 - Service

Service Tractor Safely
Work In Ventilated Area
Clean Vehicle of Hazardous Pesticides
Engine Break-In Oil
Using High-Pressure Washers
Additional Service Information
Opening Hood
Removing Side Screens
Removing Hood
Air Intake System Components
Service Air Cleaner at Regular Intervals
Checking Air Intake System
Removing Primary Air Cleaner Element
Cleaning Primary Element
Washing Primary Element
Inspecting Element
Storing Element
Replacing Alternator/Fan Belt
Fuel System Components
Bleeding Fuel System
Do Not Modify Fuel System
Engine Cooling System Components
Cleaning Grille, Screens and Radiator
Flush Cooling System
Winterize Cooling System
Prevent Battery Explosions
Observe Electrical Service Precautions
Battery Access
Removing Battery
Checking Battery Condition
Servicing Battery
Charging Battery
Battery Replacement Specifications
Connecting Starter Wiring
Connecting Alternator Wiring
Locating Fusible Link
Locating Fuses
Fuse Size and Function
Aiming Headlights
Adjusting Headlights
Replace Headlight Bulb
Replace Tail Light and Warning Light Bulbs
Replace Flood Lamp Bulb
Checking Tires
Tubeless Tire Repair
Keep ROPS Installed Properly

Section : 150 - Troubleshooting

Engine Troubleshooting
Transmission Troubleshooting
Hydraulic System Troubleshooting
Brakes Troubleshooting
Rockshaft and Quick-Coupler 3-Point Hitch Troubleshooting
Remote Hydraulic Cylinders Troubleshooting
Electrical System Troubleshooting

Section : 155 - Tractor Storage

Storing Tractor
Removing Tractor From Storage

Section : 160 - Specifications

Machine Specifications
Drain and Refill Capacities
Machine Dimension
Permissible Load Specifications
Ground Speed Estimates
Metric Bolt and Screw Torque Values
Unified Inch Bolt and Screw Torque Values
Emissions Control System Certification Label
Limited Battery Warranty

Section : 165 - Identification Numbers

Identification Plates
Record Tractor Serial Number
Record Front Axle (2-WD) Serial Number
Record Mechanical Front Wheel Drive (MFWD) Serial Number
Record Engine Serial Number
Transmission Serial Number
Keep Proof of Ownership
Keep Machines Secure

Section : 170 - Lubrication Maintenance Record Charts

50, 250, 500 Hour Service Chart
600 Hour Service Chart
1000, 1200 Hour Service Chart
Annual Service Chart
2000 Hour Service Chart
As Required Service Chart

Section : 180 - John Deere Service

John Deere Parts
The Right Tools
Well Trained Technician
Prompt Service