5220, 5320, 5420, and 5520 Tractors

All information, illustrations and specifications in this manual are based on the latest information available at the time of publication. The right is reserved to make changes at any time without notice.

Foreword
Identification Views

Section : 05 - Safety

Recognize Safety Information
Understand Signal Words
Follow Safety Instructions
Prevent Machine Runaway
Use Seat Belt and Foldable ROPS Properly-Straddle Mount and IOOS
Operate Tractor Safely
Use Caution on Hillsides
Shift to Low Gear on Hills
Avoid Tipping
Freeing a Mired Machine
Work In Ventilated Area
Park Tractor Safely
Keep Riders Off Machine
Handle Fuel Safely-Avoid Fires
Prepare for Emergencies
Do Not Use Starting Fluid
Wear Protective Clothing
Protect Against Noise
Handle Chemical Products Safely
Avoid Contact with Pesticides
Stay Clear of Rotating Drivelines
Use Safety Lights and Devices
Use a Safety Chain
Safely Transporting the Tractor
Tow Loads Safely
Keep ROPS Installed Properly
Practice Safe Maintenance
Service Tractor Safely
Support Machine Properly
Remove Paint Before Welding or Heating
Avoid Heating Near Pressurized Fluid Lines
Avoid High-Pressure Fluids
Service Cooling System Safely
Store Attachments Safely
Prevent Acid Burns
Service Tires Safely
Dispose of Waste Properly

Section : 10 - Safety Signs

Warning Labels

Section : 15 - Controls and Instruments

Tractor Controls (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Tractor Controls (Isolated Open Operator Station and Cab)
Instrument (Dash) Panel-Early Model Tractor
Instrument (Dash) Panel-Late Model Tractor
Overhead Control Panel (Cab)

Section : 20 - Lights

Light Switch Positions
Using Headlights
High Beam Indicator
Using Tail Lights
Using Fender Lights (Isolated Open Operator Station, 5520 Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Using Rear Flood Light (Straddle Mount, Isolated Open Operator Station and Hi-Crop)
Adjusting Rear Flood Light (Straddle Mount, Isolated Open Operator Station and Hi-Crop)
Using Flood Lights (Cab)
Using Warning Lights
Using Turn Signals (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Using Turn Signals (Isolated Open Operator Station and Cab)
Seven-Terminal Outlet

Section : 25 - Hi-Crop and Straddle Mount Operator Station

Operating Foldable ROPS
Using Seat Belt
Adjusting Seat
Adjusting Steering Wheel Tilt-If Equipped

Section : 30 - Cab and Isolated Open Operator Station

Operating Foldable ROPS
Using Seat Belt
Adjusting Seat-Air Suspension Seat (Cab) (Optional)
Adjusting Seat (Deluxe Adjustable Seat)-Early Model Tractor
Adjusting Seat-Mechanical Suspension Seat-Later Model Tractor
Adjusting Seat Arm Rest-Air and Mechanical Suspension Seat
Adjusting Steering Wheel
Adjusting Blower Speed (Cab)
Controlling Temperature (Cab)
Optimizing A/C and Heater Performance
Operating Wiper(s) (Cab)
Accessory Electrical Outlet
Operating the Radio (Cab-If Equipped)
Operating the Radio with Optional Cassette Tape Player (Cab-If Equipped)
Operating the Radio with Optional Compact Disc Player (Cab-If Equipped)
Operating the Optional Cassette Tape Player (Cab-If Equipped)
Operating the Optional Compact Disc Player (Cab-If Equipped)
Setting the Clock (Cab-If Equipped)
Using Dome Light (Cab)

Section : 35 - Break-In Period

Observe Engine Operation Closely
Break-In Service

Section : 40 - Prestarting Checks

Service Daily Before Start-Up

Section : 45 - Operating the Engine

Before Starting the Engine
Starting the Engine
Check Instruments After Starting
Oil Pressure Indicator
Charging System Indicator
Air Restriction Indicator
Coolant Temperature Gauge
Watch Fuel Level
Changing Engine Speeds (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Changing Engine Speeds (Cab and Isolated Open Operator Station)
Warming Up the Engine
Restart Stalled Engine
Avoid Idling the Engine
Observe Engine Work and Idle Speeds
Working with Speed/Hour Meter
Stopping the Engine
Using Booster Battery

Section : 50 - Driving the Tractor

Operator Training Required
Avoid Contact with Pesticides
Driving on Public Roads
Use Caution on Hillsides
Operating CollarShift or SyncShuttle™ Transmissions
Shifting CollarShift Transmission
Shifting SyncShuttle™ Transmission
Operating PowrReverser™ Transmission
Shifting PowrReverser™ Transmission
Selecting a Gear
Creeper Gear Operation (If Equipped)
Using Brakes
Using Differential Lock
Operating Mechanical Front Wheel Drive (If Equipped)
Stopping Tractor with CollarShift or SyncShuttle™ Transmission
Stopping Tractor with PowrReverser™ Transmission

Section : 55 - Rockshaft and 3-Point Hitch

Match Tractor Power to Implement
3-Point Hitch Components
Rockshaft Control Levers
Using Rockshaft Position Control
Setting Position Control Lever Stop
Using Draft Control
Adjusting Rockshaft Rate-of-Drop
Preparing Implement
Converting Category II Hitch to Category I
Positioning Center Link
Attaching Implements to 3-Point Hitch
Adjusting Hitch Side Sway
Leveling the Hitch
Adjusting Lateral Float
Adjusting Rockshaft Control Lever Friction
Warming Hydraulic System Oil

Section : 60 - Remote Hydraulic Cylinders

Use Correct Hose Tips
SCV Control Lever and Coupler Identification (If Equipped)
Installing Remote Outlet Oil Manifolds (Optional)
Connecting Cylinder Hoses
Connecting Hose Under Pressure
Connecting Single-Acting Cylinder
Correcting Reversed Cylinder Response
Operating SCV Controls
Adjusting Cylinder Stop
Neutral Lever Position
Loader Joystick Functions
Disconnecting Cylinder Hoses

Section : 65 - Drawbar and PTO

Observe Drawbar Load Limitations
Selecting Drawbar Position
Adjusting Drawbar Length
Stay Clear of Rotating Drivelines
Attaching PTO-Driven Implement
Selecting Correct PTO Speeds (SyncShuttle™ Transmission Only)-If Equipped
Operating Tractor PTO
Adjust PTO Clutch Operating Rod (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Adjust PTO Clutch Operating Linkage (Cab and Isolated Open Operator Station)

Section : 70 - Ballast

Planning for Maximum Productivity
Selecting Ballast Carefully
Matching Ballast to Work Load
Checking for Correct Ballast
Measuring Wheel Slip-Manually
Ballast Limitations
Ballasting Front End for Transport
Ballasting Two-Wheel Drive Tractors
Ballasting MFWD-Equipped Tractors
Determining Maximum Rear Ballast
Determining Maximum Front Ballast
Using Cast Iron Weights
Installing Rear Cast Iron Weights
Using Liquid Weight
Using Implement Codes

Section : 75 - Wheels, Tires and Treads

Service Tires Safely
Check Implement-to-Tire Clearance
Check Tire Inflation Pressure
Tire Inflation Pressure Chart-Early Model Tractor
Tire Inflation Pressure Chart-Late Model Tractor
Selecting Front Tire Rolling Direction
Tighten Wheel/Axle Hardware Correctly
Tighten Bolts-Adjustable Front Axle
Tighten Bolts-MFWD Axle
Tighten Bolts-Rear Axle
Observe Rear Wheel Tread Width Limitations
Tread Settings-Two-Position Rear Wheels-Early Model Tractor
Tread Settings-Two-Position Rear Wheels-Late Model Tractor
Tread Settings-Multi-Position Rear Wheels-Early Model Tractor
Tread Settings-Multi-Position Rear Wheels-Late Model Tractor
Tread Settings-Multi-Position MFWD Wheels-Early Model Tractor
Tread Settings-Multi-Position MFWD Wheels-Late Model Tractor
Tread Settings-Adjustable Front Axle-Early Model Tractor
Tread Settings-Adjustable Front Axle-Late Model Tractor
Adjust Front Axle Tread Width-Early Model Tractor
Adjust Front Axle Tread Width-Late Model Tractor
Checking Toe-In-Adjustable Front Axle
Adjusting Toe-In-Adjustable Front Axle-Early Model Tractor
Adjusting Toe-In-Adjustable Front Axle-Late Model Tractor
Checking Toe-In-MFWD
Adjusting Toe-In-MFWD
Set MFWD Steering Stops Turning Radius
Use Correct Tire Combinations
Tire Compatibility Chart-5220 and 5320-Early Model Tractor
Tire Compatibility Chart-5420 and 5520-Early Model Tractor
Tire Compatibility Chart-Late Model Tractor

Section : 80 - Transporting

Use Safety Lights and Devices
Use a Safety Chain
Driving Tractor on Roads
Transport on Carrier
Towing Tractor

Section : 85 - Fuels, Lubricants, and Coolant

Handle Fuel Safely-Avoid Fires
Handle Fluids Safely-Avoid Fires
Fuel Storage
Cold Weather Operation
Diesel Fuel
Fill Fuel Tank
Alternative and Synthetic Lubricants
Lubricant Storage
Diesel Engine Oil
Diesel Engine Coolant
Oil Filters
Liquid Coolant Conditioner
Anti-Chatter Transmission-Hydraulic Oil
Use Correct Hydraulic-Transmission Filter Element
Gear Oil
Grease

Section : 90 - Lubrication and Maintenance

Avoid Heating Near Pressurized Fluid Lines
Clean Vehicle of Hazardous Pesticides
Observe Service Intervals
Use Correct Lubricant
Break-In Service
Service Intervals

Section : 95 - Service-10 Hours

Check Engine Oil Level
Check Coolant Level
Drain Water and Sediment from Fuel Tank and Fuel Filter
Lubricate as Necessary

Section : 100 - Service-50 Hours

Check Transmission-Hydraulic System Oil Level
Check MFWD Axle Oil Level
Clean and Check Battery
Inspect All Tires
Lubricate Front Axle Pivot Pin(s)
Lubricate Steering Spindles (Adjustable Front Axle)
Lubricate Steering King Pins (MFWD)
Inspect Tractor for Loose Hardware

Section : 105 - Service-100 Hours

Change Engine Oil and Filter
Replace Transmission-Hydraulic Filter
Check and Adjust Clutch Pedal Free Play (CollarShift and SyncShuttle™)
Clutch Pedal Linkage Adjustment (PowrReverser™)

Section : 110 - Service-250 Hours

Service Air Cleaner
Inspect and Adjust Alternator/Fan Belt (5220 and 5320)
Inspect and Adjust A/C Compressor Belt -Cab (5220 and 5320)
Inspect and Adjust Alternator/Fan Belt (5420 and 5520)
Lubricate 3-Point Hitch
Check Neutral Start System
Clean Cab Air Filters
Adjust PTO Clutch Operating Rod (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Adjust PTO Clutch Operating Linkage (Cab and Isolated Open Operator Station)

Section : 115 - Service-500 Hours

Replace Fuel Filter

Section : 120 - Service-600 Hours

Change Oil in MFWD Axle-If Equipped
Clean Engine Crankcase Vent Tube
Pack Front Wheel Bearings-Adjustable Front Axle
Check Hoses and Hose Clamps for Tightness
Lubricate Rear Axle Bearings
Check Engine Idle Speeds
Check Front Axle Pivot Pin
Adjust Engine Valve Clearance

Section : 125 - Service-1200 Hours

Change Transmission-Hydraulic Oil and Filter
Clean Transmission-Hydraulic Pickup Screen

Section : 130 - Service-Annually

Change Engine Oil and Filter
Replace Air Cleaner Elements
Inspecting Seat Belt

Section : 135 - Service-2 Years/2000 Hours

Flush Cooling System

Section : 140 - Service-As Required

Service Air Cleaner
Adjust Hand Throttle Friction (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Adjust Hand Throttle Friction (Isolated Open Operator Station and Cab)
Adjust 540E PTO Throttle Limiter (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Adjust 540E PTO Throttle Limiter (Isolated Open Operator Station and Cab)

Section : 145 - Service

Service Tractor Safely
Work In Ventilated Area
Clean Vehicle of Hazardous Pesticides
Engine Break-In Oil
Using High-Pressure Washers
Additional Service Information
Opening Hood
Removing Hood
Removing Side Screens
Air Intake System Components
Service Air Cleaner at Regular Intervals
Checking Air Intake System
Removing Air Cleaner Elements
Inspecting Element
Cleaning Primary Element
Washing Primary Element
Storing Element
Replacing Alternator/Fan Belt (5220 and 5320)
Replacing Fan/Alternator/AC Compressor Belt (5420 and 5520)
Replacing A/C Compressor Belt (5220 and 5320-Cab)
Fuel System Components
Bleeding Fuel System
Do Not Modify Fuel System
Engine Cooling System Components
Cleaning Grille, Screens, Radiator and Oil Cooler
Flush Cooling System
Winterize Cooling System
Prevent Battery Explosions
Observe Electrical Service Precautions
Battery Access-Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop
Battery Access-Cab Machines
Removing Battery
Servicing Battery
Battery Replacement Specifications
Charging Battery
Checking Battery Condition
Connecting Starter Wiring
Connecting Alternator Wiring
Servicing Air Conditioner (Cab)
Locating Fusible Link
Locating Fuses
Fuse Size and Function-Early Model Tractor
Fuse Size and Function-Late Model Tractor
Aiming Headlights
Adjusting Headlights
Replace Headlight Bulb-Early Model Tractor
Replace Headlight Bulb-Late Model Tractor
Replace Warning Light Bulb (Straddle Mount, Hi-Crop and Isolated Open Operator Station)
Replace Warning Light Bulb (Cab)
Replace Tail Light Bulb (Cab and Isolated Open Operator Station)
Replace Tail Light Bulb (Straddle Mount and Hi-Crop)
Replace Flood Light Bulb-Early Model Tractor (Straddle Mount, Hi-Crop and Isolated Open Operator Station)
Replace Flood Light Bulb-Late Model Tractor (Straddle Mount, Hi-Crop and Isolated Open Operator Station)
Replace Flood Light Bulb (Cab)
Replace Fender Light Bulb-Early Model Tractor (Isolated Open Operator Station)
Replace Fender Light Bulb-Late Model Tractor (Isolated Open Operator Station)
Replace Dome Light Bulb (Cab)
Checking Tires
Tubeless Tire Repair
Keep ROPS Installed Properly (Straddle Mount, Hi-Crop and Isolated Open Operator Station)
Keep Cab Protection System Installed Properly

Section : 150 - Troubleshooting

Engine Troubleshooting
Transmission Troubleshooting
Hydraulic System Troubleshooting
Brakes Troubleshooting
Rockshaft and Quick-Coupler 3-Point Hitch Troubleshooting
Remote Hydraulic Cylinders Troubleshooting
Electrical System Troubleshooting
Heater and A/C System Troubleshooting (Cab)
Wipers, Flood Lights, Dome Light and Radio Troubleshooting (Cab)

Section : 155 - Storage

Storing Tractor
Removing Tractor From Storage

Section : 160 - Specifications

Machine Specifications
Drain and Refill Capacities
Machine Dimensions-Straddle Mount
Machine Dimensions-Isolated Open Operator Station
Machine Dimensions (Cab)
Machine Dimensions (Hi-Crop)
Permissible Load Specifications
CollarShift and SyncShuttle™ Transmission Ground Speed Estimates
CollarShift and SyncShuttle™ Creeper Transmission Ground Speed Estimates
PowrReverser™ Transmission Ground Speed Estimates
PowrReverser™ Creeper Transmission Ground Speed Estimates
Correction Factors for Other Tire Sizes
Metric Bolt and Cap Screw Torque Values
Unified Inch Bolt and Cap Screw Torque Values
Emissions Control System Certification Label
U.S. Emissions Control Warranty Statement (United States Only)
Limited Battery Warranty

Section : 165 - Identification Numbers

Identification Plates
Record Tractor Serial Number
Record Front Axle (2-WD) Serial Number
Record Mechanical Front Wheel Drive (MFWD) Serial Number
Record Engine Serial Number
Record Transmission Serial Number

Section : 170 - Lubrication and Maintenance Record Charts

50, 250, 500 Hour Service Chart
600 Hour Service Chart
1200 Hour Service Chart
Annual Service Chart
2000 Hour Service Chart
As Required Service Chart

Section : 175 - Crime Prevention Tips

Help Prevent Crime
Record Ag Identification Numbers
Keep Proof of Ownership
Park Indoors Out of Sight
When Parking Outdoors
Reduce Vandalism
Report Thefts Immediately

Section : SLIT - John Deere Service Literature Available

Parts Catalog
Operator's Manual
Fundamentals of Service Manuals
Technical and Service Manuals
Know-How Booklets
Common Questions Booklet

Section : IBC - John Deere Service Keeps You on the Job

John Deere Quality